a deep taste and a sticky chewy texture,
prunes are not only fun to eat they are
highly nutritious. As with other dried
fruits, they are available year round.
Any of more than 125 varieties of fruit,
most grown for drying. Four of the most
common varieties are French, Imperial,
Italian, and Greengage. Prunes are cultivars
of plum species (mostly Prunus domestica).
In general, prunes are freestone cultivars
(the stone is easy to remove), whereas plums
are cling (the stone is more difficult to
remove). Fresh prunes reach the market
earlier than fresh plums and are usually
smaller in size. Prune juice is more
fiber-rich than plum juice and is often
marketed as a way to increase regularity.
Dried fruit of the prune tree were
traditionally called "dried prunes" or
"prunes", but an effort is currently
underway to market them as "dried plums". In
the United States, due to the negative
association of prunes with its laxative
effects and the elderly, the California
Dried Plum Board has renamed and begun
remarketing prunes as "dried plums".
plum or gage is a stone fruit tree in the
genus Prunus, subgenus Prunus. The subgenus
is distinguished from other subgenera
(peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc) in
the shoots having a terminal bud and the
side buds solitary (not clustered), the
flowers being grouped 1-5 together on short
stems, and the fruit having a groove running
down one side, and a smooth stone.