is a traditional Jewish bread eaten on
Shabbat and Jewish holidays (except
Passover, when leavened
bread is not allowed). This association
with Judaism is most prevalent in the United
challah is also a traditional bread in
numerous European countries, such as
Hungary, among local non-Jewish peasant
is a living organism needing warmth and
water to grow. It makes the dough rise
by giving off gas that expands the cells
held together by the gluten. Sugar
speeds up this process. Salt slows it
inhibits yeast. Too much salt slows
it action, too little salt allows the
yeast to expand before the flavor has
developed. Salt also give bread a
good flavor and acts as a preservative.
Sweeteners, such as sugar or honey, are
food for the yeast. A little bit of
sweetener feeds the yeast, while a little
more gives a sweet flavor without harming
the growth of the yeast. More sugar
will make the yeast grow faster, but too
much will slow it down. Sweet breads
generally require more yeast to compensate
for the extra sugar. Sugar will also
give a browner crust.
- Flour is
the body of the bread. The amount of
flow needed for a particular recipes will
vary because the amount of water the flour
absorbs is not constant. It will
vary according to the weather on the day
you are baking, the variety of wheat used,
and when the wheat was harvested.
found in the innermost part of the wheat,
holds everything together. The yeast
gives off gas that expands, the cells.
Gluten then holds them in the expanded
condition. It is developed by
mixing, kneading and rising.
Underdeveloped gluten will give a heavier
loaf. The amount of gluten in
different types of flour is in descending
order as follows: gluten four, bread
flour, all purpose white flour,
whole-flour, rye flour.
- Eggs and
Oil, add richness to the Challah or bread
and act as a preservative. They also
shorten the gluten strands, giving a more
opening eggs examine each one before combing
with the recipe to make sure there are no
blood spots. If a blood spot is found,
discard the egg, and rinse out the cup or
dish with cold water.