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For informational purposes only. Consult
your Doctor. This information was taken from Department
of Health and Human Services: Centers for Disease Control and
Salmonella: What can I do to prevent
salmonellosis?, What is salmonellosis?, What sort of germ is
How can Salmonella infections be treated?, Are there long term
consequences to a Salmonella infection?,
How do people catch Salmonella?,
What can a person do to prevent this illness?
Salmonella: How common is salmonellosis?, What else can
be done to prevent salmonellosis?, What is the government
doing about salmonellosis?, How can I learn more about this
and other public health problems?
What is salmonellosis?
Salmonellosis is an infection with bacteria called Salmonella.
Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever,
and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The
illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover
without treatment. However, in some persons, the diarrhea may
be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In
these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the
intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites
and can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with
antibiotics. The elderly, infants, and those with impaired
immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness.
What sort of germ is
Salmonella is actually a group of bacteria that can cause
diarrheal illness in humans. They are microscopic living
creatures that pass from the feces of people or animals to
other people or other animals. There are many different
kinds of Salmonella bacteria. Salmonella serotype
Typhimurium and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis are the
most common in the United States. Salmonella germs have
been known to cause illness for over 100 years. They were
discovered by an American scientist named Salmon, for whom
they are named.
How can Salmonella
infections be diagnosed?
Many different kinds of illnesses can cause diarrhea,
fever, or abdominal cramps. Determining that Salmonella is
the cause of the illness depends on laboratory tests that
identify Salmonella in the stool of an infected person.
Once Salmonella has been identified, further testing can
determine its specific type.
What can I do to prevent
- Cook poultry, ground beef, and eggs
thoroughly. Do not eat or drink foods containing raw eggs,
or raw (unpasteurized) milk.
- If you are served undercooked meat,
poultry or eggs in a restaurant, don't hesitate to send it
back to the kitchen for further cooking.
- Wash hands, kitchen work surfaces, and
utensils with soap and water immediately after they have
been in contact with raw meat or poultry.
- Be particularly careful with foods
prepared for infants, the elderly, and the immunocompromised.
- Wash hands with soap after handling
reptiles, birds, or baby chicks, and after contact with pet
- Avoid direct or even indirect contact
between reptiles (turtles, iguanas, other lizards, snakes)
and infants or immunocompromised persons.
- Don't work with raw poultry or meat, and
an infant (e.g., feed, change diaper) at the same time.
- Mother's milk is the safest food for
young infants. Breastfeeding prevents salmonellosis and many
other health problems.